How did the idea of creating a cryptocurrency come about?
The fact is that cryptocurrencies are not the first form of digital money. Attempts to create digital currencies began back in the early 1990s, but all of these inventions failed to compete with electronic bank money or third-party systems like PayPal.
David Schaum paved the way for digital currency when he launched DigiCash in 1989. It was an electronic network used to send currency anonymously. Ten years after DigiCash went bankrupt, we saw the likes of E-gold and Liberty Reserve, which also went bankrupt after criminal charges. Soon the idea itself began to seem far-fetched and unrealizable to people.
Why did it all fail?
One can simply remember the adage that the first pancake is a pancake. But a more plausible explanation is that there was no demand for digital currency, because e-commerce had not yet arrived on the scene, nor had widespread access to the Internet.
Now back to 2008. Then a mysterious figure known as Satoshi Nakamoto gave a new explanation for the previous failures: all these systems were centralized and therefore based on trust. And according to the enigmatic Nakamoto, this was the most serious problem.
You can read a detailed explanation in a document written by Satoshi in 2008: "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System" (Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System). In it, Nakamoto highlighted two fundamental problems: the workings of conventional financial systems and the properties of fiat currency (such as the U.S. dollar).
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